Cognitive and Emotional Development in Children

In 1983, Howard Gardner rocked the education and social science communities with publication of a theory of multiple intelligences in his book, Frames of Mind. Gardner argued that in addition to defining intelligence in terms of a child or adult’s ability to solve problems and use language, other capacities and abilities such as musical, spatial, […]

The Biology of Dyslexia

For decades, ever since dyslexia was described as a disorder in learning to read, scientists, educators, and parents have wondered about the causes. Why is it that one child within a family of normal readers has so much trouble learning to sound out new words, can’t learn to read effortlessly with good comprehension, or needs […]

Learning to Write: One More Step From Language to Literacy

Many states have adopted content standards for language arts curricula in the early elementary grades that emphasize the importance of oral language skills in development of reading and writing. A glance at two state standards for Grades 1 and 2 illustrate how schools recognize that learning to write depends on oral language skills. California Grade […]

Family Literacy: Tools that Help Parents Promote Reading in the Home

The Importance of Literacy In the 1991 National Literacy Act, Congress defined literacy as “an individual’s ability to read, write, and speak in English, and compute and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society, to achieve one’s goals, and develop one’s knowledge and potential.” Two years later […]